641 resultados ordenados por


  1. Duty to Serve

    The Purpose of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac and Early Lessons Learned in Underserved Housing Markets
    Documentos de Trabalho
    Abril 2021
    By Jim Gray and George W. McCarthy

    Freddie Mac and, for even longer, Fannie Mae (collectively, “the Enterprises”) have played an essential role in the creation of the modern housing finance system in the United States. In...

  2. Integrating Land and Water

    Tools, Practices, Processes, and Evaluation Criteria
    Documentos de Trabalho
    Fevereiro 2021
    Erin Rugland

    Land and water are highly connected resources yet are managed and regulated by different entities. Land use planners and water managers may be interested in better connecting land and water but lack...

  3. Making the Comeback

    Reversing the Downward Trajectory of African American Middle Neighborhoods in Legacy Cities
    Documentos de Trabalho
    Fevereiro 2021

    This working paper was developed jointly by Lincoln Institute of Land Policy and Center for Community Progress. In this paper I examine trends in Black middle neighborhoods in six legacy cities...

  4. Status of a New Value Capture Tool in Mexico City

    El Sistema de Actuación por Cooperación
    Documentos de Trabalho
    Janeiro 2021
    David Leipziger

    Growing cities in Latin America are expanding their urban footprints at the expense of central cores. The result strains public resources, and local governments increasingly pursue strategies to...

  5. Split-Rate Taxation

    Impacts on Tax Base
    Documentos de Trabalho
    Janeiro 2021
    Zhou Yang and Zackary Hawley

    Municipalities debating land value taxation or split-rate taxation need empirical evidence to understand how the transition of property tax regimes will affect their tax base. Using a valuable data...

  6. Assessment of Property Tax Reductions on Tax Delinquency, Tax Foreclosure, and Home Ownership

    Documentos de Trabalho
    Janeiro 2021
    Fernanda Alfaro, Dusan Paredes, and Mark Skidmore

    In this report, we provide an evaluation of the impacts in Detroit of reductions in residential effective tax rates on tax delinquency, property tax foreclosure, and homeownership. The decline in...

  7. Split-Rate Taxation and Business Establishment Location

    Evidence from the Pennsylvania Experience
    Documentos de Trabalho
    Janeiro 2021
    Andrew Hanson

    This paper estimates the relationship between business establishment location and split-rate property taxation. Using variation in split-rate adoption and intensity by municipalities across...

  8. An Examination of Sales Ratio Data and Sources Incorporated into the 50-State Property Tax Comparison Study

    Documentos de Trabalho
    Dezembro 2020
    Bob DeBoer

    The 50-State Property Tax Comparison Study, jointly produced by the Minnesota Center for Fiscal Excellence (MCFE) and the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, uses sales ratios to more accurately...

  9. Strategic Interaction in Urban Infrastructure Finance

    A Spatial Panel Econometric Analysis of Chinese Prefecture-Level Cities
    Documentos de Trabalho
    Outubro 2020
    Can Chen, Kenneth A. Kriz, and Shuanglin Lin

    This research represents one of the first attempts to empirically examine strategic interaction in urban infrastructure expenditures on capital construction and maintenance in China. Drawing upon the...

  10. How States Provide Cities with General Revenue

    An Analysis of Unrestricted State Aid
    Documentos de Trabalho
    Setembro 2020
    Amanda Kass, Michael Pagano, and Farhad Kaab Omeyr

    Municipal governments in the United States generate revenues from their own sources (their authority to charge for services and collect taxes); other governments (intergovernmental revenue); and, by...


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