United States and Canada


Equitably redeveloping urban areas and promoting climate resilience through proven land-based financing practices and policy changes

Fiscal Health and Equitable Taxation

Local governments in the United States and Canada need efficient and equitable fiscal systems to provide quality public services and infrastructure for their residents. Our work focuses on land-based financing tools, including the property tax, that help promote fiscal health.

Significant Features of the Property Tax

This database provides detailed information about the property tax system in all 50 states, with descriptions of states’ property tax relief programs, tax limits, taxation of agricultural property, classification, tax rates, and much more.

Fiscally Standardized Cities

This database compares the finances of over 200 large U.S. cities across more than 120 categories of revenues, expenditures, debts, and assets.

Climate Change and Land and Water Management

Climate change and threats to land and water resources pose existential risks to humanity and biodiversity. Our work focuses on building the capacity of civic land conservation, integrating land and water planning, and using land policy and planning to help communities mitigate and adapt to climate change.

The Babbitt Center for Land and Water Policy

The Babbitt Center seeks to advance the integration of land and water management to meet the current and future water needs in the Colorado River Basin and beyond.


The International Land Conservation Network

The ILCN is a global network that connects organizations and people who are accelerating voluntary private and civic sector action that protects and stewards land and water resources.

Featured Work

Spatial Equity and Functional Land Markets

Unequal access to opportunity both within cities and across regions—in many cases driven by housing affordability crises—is a major challenge across the United States and Canada. Our work aims to identify and promote policies that advance equitable revitalization in legacy cities and housing affordability in hot markets.

The Legacy Cities Initiative

The Legacy Cities Initiative seeks to promote sustainable and equitable revitalization of legacy cities by convening networks, facilitating the exchange of ideas and practices, and researching and advancing new policy approaches.


Consortium for Scenario Planning

The Consortium for Scenario Planning offers a community of practice for practitioners, including access to technical assistance, educational resources, and a network of fellow innovators.

The Lincoln Institute commissioned a set of research papers and case studies to better understand the barriers to implementing housing strategies at the necessary scale in the United States, and specific strategies to overcome those barriers.

Featured Work