Real Estate Tax Credit for Persons Age 65 and Older (Circuit Breaker Credit)





Variations in Receipt of Benefit

Benefit Varies with Income

Benefit Varies with Taxes Due

Minimum Tax Amount Must be Paid

Benefit Type

Circuit Breaker


The benefit is a refundable credit to the income tax bill equal to the amount by which real estate tax payments (or rent constituting tax) exceeds 10% of income. The maximum credit paid based on tax year 2021 income and paid in 2022 is $1,170. Rent constituting real estate tax for renters is 25% of rent paid.

How is Benefit Disbursed

Credit to the income tax bill

Eligible Property Type


Characteristics of Eligible Property

Only residential property is eligible for this program.

Eligibility Criteria



Income Ceiling

Principal Residence

Property Value Limit


Other Criteria

Description of Eligibility Criteria

The applicant must be 65 years old by 31 December of the tax year, a full or part-year resident of the state, and occupy property in Massachusetts as their primary residence. Applicants may not be dependents of other taxpayers. For homeowners, Massachusetts property tax payments and half of the applicant's water and sewer expenses must exceed 10% of total income for the tax year. If the applicant is a renter, 25% of the applicant's rent must exceed 10% of their income. For tax year 2021 with benefits paid in 2022, the taxpayer's "total income" cannot exceed $62,000 for a single individual who is not the head of a household, $78,000 for a head of household, and $93,000 for married couples filing a joint return. The assessed value of the residence, before exemptions but after abatements, cannot exceed $884,000. No credit may be provided to individuals if the state or federal government is subsidizing the claimant’s rent through a rental assistance program.

Local Option in Adoption of Program

Local government is unable to exercise an option

Local Option Regarding Program Features

No local option regarding program features

State Funding for Local Tax Loss

State reimburses all of the local government tax loss

Description of State Funding for Tax Loss

The state directly disburses benefits through a state refundable income tax credit.

Record ID



Maximum benefit and income levels are adjusted annually based on the Consumer Price Index. Wealth limits are adjusted annually based on the average assessed value of homes in the state since 2004. Real estate taxes refer to taxes levied on the taxpayer’s residence including any water and sewer debt charges. In communities not assessing water and sewer charges, 50% of water and sewer charges paid by the taxpayer is added to the amount of real estate taxes paid. Rent constituting real estate tax payments is calculated as 25% of total rent paid. The Circuit Breaker Credit does not prohibit the applicant from taking another exemption, deferral, or abatement on their property taxes, however, any amount received from such an exemption or abatement, including the senior property tax work-off program, will be counted against the amount of taxes paid for purposes of determining eligibility and the amount of the credit. Applications for the Circuit Breaker Credit must be filed annually after filing a Massachusetts State Income Tax Return. The form (Schedule CB) must be completed within 3 years from the last day for filing the return.


Mass. Gen. Laws. ch 62, § 6(k) (in effect for 2022)
Massachusetts Department of Revenue, Circuit Breaker Credit Form, 2021 Schedule CB (for 2022 filing)
[ Accessed 11/14/2023]
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