Elderly and Disabled Homeowner and Renters Property Tax Credit (Circuit Breaker)





Variations in Receipt of Benefit

Benefit Varies with Income

Benefit Type

Circuit Breaker


For both homeowners and renters, the benefit is based on 6 income brackets. For renters, property taxes are calculated as 23% of gross rent paid by claimant or claimant's household. The 2019 benefits for homeowners range over 6 brackets, ranging from 100% of property taxes paid for income below $11,960 to 25% of property taxes paid for income $20,402 but less than $23,216. The 2019 benefits for renters, the reimbursement based on 23% of rent with benefit determined by the same range for homeowner. The maximum benefit is based on actual taxes not to exceed $1,000. Renters receive a direct payment of benefit. If the general homestead credit is larger than this credit, than there is no credit but no refund shall be required.

How is Benefit Disbursed

Credit to the property tax bill

Eligible Property Type


Characteristics of Eligible Property

Only homesteads are eligible. “Homestead” means the dwelling, owned or rented, and used as a home by the claimant along with land surrounding it. This may include one or more contiguous lots or tracts of land, as is reasonably necessary for use of the dwelling as a home. A homestead may consist of a part of a multi-dwelling or multipurpose building and a part of the land upon which it is built. It does not include personal property except that a manufactured or mobile home may be a homestead.

Eligibility Criteria




Income Ceiling


Description of Eligibility Criteria

Applicants must be at least 65 years of age or 100% disabled. For homeowners and renters, household income in 2018 must be less than $23,216 to qualify in 2019. For renters, household income also includes and housing benefits. Household income means all income of the claimant and the claimant's spouse in a household and actual monetary contributions received from any other person living with the claimant during their respective twelve-month income tax accounting periods ending with or during the base year. Applicants must return application to your county treasurer on or before 1 June 2019, or, if the treasurer has extended the filing deadline, on or before 30 September 2019. The Director of Revenue may extend the filing deadline through31 December 2020, for good cause.

Local Option in Adoption of Program

Local government is unable to exercise an option

Local Option Regarding Program Features

No local option regarding program features

State Funding for Local Tax Loss

State reimburses all of the local government tax loss

Description of State Funding for Tax Loss

The amount of the credit for property taxes due for a homestead shall be paid on 15 June of each year by the director to the county treasurer who shall credit the money received against the amount of the property taxes due and payable on the homestead of the claimant. Statutes require that funds are annually appropriated from the general fund of the state to the elderly and disabled property tax credit and reimbursement fund, from funds not otherwise appropriated, an amount sufficient to implement this benefit. If a state appropriation is not sufficient to fully fund the credit or exemption, the political subdivision shall be required to extend to the taxpayer only that portion of the credit or exemption estimated by the department of revenue to be funded by the state appropriation.

Record ID



Income levels are adjusted annually by the gross domestic product price deflator computed for the second quarter of the calendar year by the Bureau of Economic Analysis of the United States Department of Commerce. Totally disabled means the inability to engage in any substantial gainful employment by reason of any medically determinable physical or mental impairment which can be expected to result in death or which has lasted or is reasonably expected to last for a continuous period of not less than 12 months. A person who is eligible to file a claim for credit for property taxes due with a household income in the lowest bracket who has an unpaid special assessment levied against the homestead may file a claim for a special assessment credit with the county treasurer. The claim filed by the claimant constitutes a claim for credit of an amount equal to the actual amount due upon the unpaid special assessment, plus interest, payable during the fiscal year for which the claim is filed against the homestead of the claimant. Beginning in 1995 a person who has attained the age of 23 or a head of household and was not claimed as a dependent on any other person's tax return for the base year is eligible by statutes for this program if they meet income requirements. However, the state has never provided funding for this portion of the program.


Iowa Code § 25B.7;
Iowa Code § 422.4;
Iowa Code § 425.17;
Iowa Code § 425.19;
Iowa Code § 425.23;
Iowa Code § 425.24;
Iowa Code § 425.29;
Iowa Code § 425.40 (in effect for 2019).
Iowa Department of Revenue, 2019 Property Tax Credit Claim, (2019)
[https://tax.iowa.gov/sites/files/idr/forms1/IowaPropertyTaxCreditClaim%2854001%29.pdf Accessed 02/07/2019]
View Archived Source

Iowa Department of Revenue, Property Tax Credits and Exemptions Web Page, (2018)
[https://tax.iowa.gov/property-tax-credits-and-exemptions#Disabled Accessed 07/03/2018]
View Archived Source

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