Circuit Breaker for Elderly or Disabled Homeowners





Variations in Receipt of Benefit

Benefit Varies with Income

Benefit Type

Circuit Breaker


Homeowners applying in 2021, the maximum benefit for married homeowners if between $150 and $1,250 and for single homeowners the maximum benefit is $150 to $1,100. The benefit is determined by a sliding scale of relief. For married homeowners there are 5 income brackets, with tax relief ranging from 50% if income is in the lowest bracket, to 10% if income is less than $45,800 for married homeowners For single homeowners filing in 2021 relief is determined by 4 income brackets with tax relief ranging from 40% if income is in the lowest bracket to 10% if income is less than $37,600. For the lowest income brackets, the maximum benefit for married applicants is $1,250 and for single applicants is $1,000.

How is Benefit Disbursed

Credit to the property tax bill

Eligible Property Type


Characteristics of Eligible Property

Only residential property is eligible for this program. Mobile homes and homes on leased land are still eligible for the program.

Eligibility Criteria




Income Ceiling

Surviving Spouse

Description of Eligibility Criteria

State law provides a property tax credit program for Connecticut owners in residence of real property, who are at least 65 years old or totally disabled, and whose annual incomes do not exceed certain limits. The widow or widower of someone who received benefits at time of death is eligible if they are at least 50 years old. When applying for the 2021 benefit, an owners' 2020 total income must not exceed $37,600 for unmarried applicants, and $45,800 for married couples.

Local Option in Adoption of Program

Local government is unable to exercise an option

Local Option Regarding Program Features

No local option regarding program features

State Funding for Local Tax Loss

State reimburses all of the local government tax loss

Description of State Funding for Tax Loss

The state reimburses municipalities for the cost of providing the program.

Record ID



The income thresholds are indexed to the annual inflation adjustment in Social Security income, with a base year of 1983. Qualifying income is defined as adjusted gross income and tax-exempt interest, plus any other income not included in adjusted gross income. Medicaid and Social Security payments for a dependent are not counted as income. Forms and an affidavit of income must be filed with a local assessor. The program must be reapplied for every other year. The application period is from February 1 to May 15 for tax relief in the following year.


Conn. Gen. Stat. § 12-170aa ~ § 12-170cc (in effect for 2021)
Connecticut Office of Legislative Research, Research Report "Budget Bill Changes to the Elderly/Disabled Circuit Breaker Program" 2017-R-0268 November 3, 2017
[ Accessed 01/13/2022]
View Archived Source

Connecticut Office of Policy and Management Homeowners' Elderly/Disabled (Circuit Breaker) Tax Relief Application
[ Accessed 01/13/2022]
View Archived Source

Question and Answer Booklet, Office of Policy and Management
[ Accessed 10/26/2022]
View Archived Source

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