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Author(s): Calavita, Nico and Alan Mallach
Publication Date: July 2010
1 pages; Inventory ID LLA100706; English
Inclusionary housing originated in the United States during the early 1970s, and gradually spread to Canada, western Europe, and more recently to countries throughout the world. The initial intellectual impetus came from the civil rights movement of the 1960s, and the recognition of the close relationship between the pervasive racial segregation in American society and the land use regulation system that perpetuated it through what came to be known as exclusionary zoning. Indeed, the term inclusionary zoning was coined to contrast with the former term, and was first used to refer more broadly to any strategy designed to foster the production of affordable housing in otherwise exclusive and affluent suburban jurisdictions.
Editors Nico Calavita and Alan Mallach present a practical as well as theoretical focus to assess the outcomes of inclusionary housing programs as implemented in seven countries. Their two main objectives are to (1) describe why and how each country chose to adopt inclusionary policies; and (2) make sense of the variety of these approaches and discern what works and under what circumstances. Particular attention is given to the manner and extent to which each country’s inclusionary policies create affordable housing, foster social inclusion, and either provide explicitly or result implicitly in the recapture of land value increments for public benefit.
The countries follow this rough typology: • two countries decentralize land use regulation via state or provincial schemes (United States and Canada);• two countries mandate inclusionary housing (Spain and Ireland);• two countries explicitly enable its use (England and France);• one country, until recently, provided for neither, thus prompting inclusionary housing as a local initiative (Italy); and • other countries (South Africa, Israel, India, New Zealand, Colombia, Malaysia, and the Netherlands) offer their own variations of inclusionary housing.
Global political shifts and changes in economic and social policy have all contributed to the emergence of inclusionary housing as arguably the most significant new public policy direction in the realm of social and affordable housing in recent decades. The chapter authors explore both how the cross-national variations in political, social, and economic cultures and conditions have led to different forms of inclusionary housing in the countries studied, and how it is working on the ground to address each country’s need for better housing and greater social inclusion.
ContentsForeword, Juli Ponce Sole1. An International Perspective on Inclusionary Housing, Nico Calavita and Alan Mallach2. United States: From Radical Innovation to Mainstream Housing Policy, Alan Mallach and Nico Calavita 3. Canada: Social Inclusion in a Market-Driven Polity, Alan Mallach and Nico Calavita4. England: Affordable Housing Through the Planning System: The Role of Section 106, Sarah Monk5. Ireland: The Sudden Emergence of Inclusionary Housing, Nico Calavita and Alan Mallach6. France: Social Inclusion, Fair Share Goals, and Inclusionary Housing, Alan Mallach7. Spain’s Constitutional Mandates: The Right to Housing, Land Value Recapture, and Inclusionary Housing, Nico Calavita, Joaquim Clusa, Sara Mur, and Robert Weiner8. Italy: Political Instability and the Struggle for Planning Equity, Nico Calavita and Giovanni Caudo9. The Global Reach of Inclusionary Housing, Alan Mallach10. Conclusions, Nico Calavita and Alan Mallach
About the EditorsNico Calavita is professor emeritus in the Graduate Program in City Planning at San Diego State University. Contact: email@example.com
Alan Mallach is a nonresident senior fellow at the Metropolitan Policy Program of the Brookings Institution in Washington, DC, and visiting scholar at the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia. Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org
Inclusionary Housing in International Perspective: Affordable Housing, Social Inclusion, and Land Value RecaptureEdited by Nico Calavita and Alan Mallach2010 / 416 pages / Paper / $30.00ISBN: 978-1-55844-209-2
Ordering InformationContact Lincoln Institute atwww.lincolninst.edu